Exported to every part of the world, Colombia’s coffee is the best ever among the others. In particular, Colombian Arabica coffee is grown here up to 2,300 meters above sea level, great pride for the region of the coffee, a must for fans who are going to visit Colombia.
If you are passionate about the best Colombian coffees, but you’d like to know more about it, check out the rest of this article. We’ll talk about why Colombian coffee is so delicious, what are the main types of Colombian coffee. and its regional variations. We’ll also talk about the best Colombian coffee brands selling Colombian coffee, and much more! Keep reading to find out!
What Makes Colombian Coffee so Famous All Over the World?
It is thanks to the geographical conformation of the Country that coffee is exceptional in Colombia. The proximity to the equator, the mild climate, regular rainfall, and the hills and mountains present allow the Arabica plant to be cultivated up to 2300 meters above sea level. The lower high-altitude temperatures make the coffee mature more slowly, which thus acquires a slightly more acidic taste with enveloping notes of honey.
Furthermore, the berries are harvested by hand, so as to select only the fruits that have reached the right degree of ripeness. Their slight acidity and the classic flavors of the typical taste of Colombian Arabica coffee distinguishes the coffee that comes from Colombia. It is the coffee with bright flavors and a strong aftertaste.
Things to know about the best Colombian coffee
The roasting phases of Colombian coffee are 4:
The best roasts are medium and medium-high. The degree depends on the amount of moisture left in the bean. If an unroasted bean has a humidity percentage of 12%, the roasting reduces it to 1 and 2 in case of roasting high, from 8 to 3 in medium roasts, and so on.
Regional Variations of Colombian coffee
- Cauca. One of the best known, it produces about 8% of Colombian coffee, on the Popayan plateau located near the equator and surrounded by the mountains that protect the coffee from the humidity of the Pacific Ocean and the winds.
- Santander. Located in the north of the country, it produces 9% of Colombian coffee mainly grown in the shade and at low altitudes. The coffees of this region are very soft and with low acidity.
- Narino. The region located further south of Colombia is famous for its creamy coffees with fruity hints.
- Tolima. Known for its sweet coffees and with light floral notes, it produces about 12% of Colombia’s coffee.
- Hulia. Fruity coffee is from the mountain region of Huila. It presents a marked acidity, a full-body, and a very complex aromatic profile.
- Antioquia. This is the region where coffee was first grown in Colombia, it is the headquarters of the FNC (Federacion Nacional de Cafeteros) and Cenicafè, where specialists and researchers produce seeds for plantations in the region and research botanical varieties.
Main Types of the Best Organic Colombian Coffee in 2020
Three of Colombia’s most amazing coffees have named after the regions in which they are grown: Medellin, Armenia, and Manizales. They can all be found in the main central growing area and frequently marketed together under the acronym MAM. These coffees have higher acidity than those grown in the Eastern Region.
Castillo is very famous, but also controversial, as it is bred to be resistant to the perils of coffee rust. It shares a genetic heritage with robusta beans, which is why it is often not worthy of its fame. Castillo is smoothness, aroma and citric acidity.
Caturra is one of Colombia’s finest coffee. Even though they are originally Brazilian, they are now popular in Colombia. Caturras are particularly acid, and they are particularly subjected to coffee rust.
Tinto is widely available on the streets of Colombia, and even though it is not renowned for its high quality, you’ll have a cup of Tinto to experience their coffee.
Supremo vs. Excelso: Which One Should You Choose?
The Supremo variety is renowned all over the world. It has rich and full-bodied flavor, with hazelnut and chocolate tones. The “supreme” bean is considered the most refined of the Colombian coffee beans. This is probably the best Colombian coffee, thanks to its particularly sweet taste. It is easily digestible, thanks to its delicate flavor, its medium acidity, and light hazelnut flavor.
Excelso is known for its characteristic aroma which recalls licorice, caramel, and chocolate in its smell and taste. It contains lower amounts of caffeine, which allows you to drink more Excelso during the day than you would with other traditional Colombian coffee blends.
Main Colombian Coffee Brands
- Volcanica Coffee carries and distributes over 130 gourmet Colombian coffee beans from volcanic regions around the world.
- Café Don Pablo’s secret to their coffee is a small batch roasting process that “is half art and half science.” They craft a rich, mild, and smooth bean that complements the caramelization of the natural sugars in the bean.
- The Juan Valdez brand’s beans embody the quality, values, and traditions of Colombia.
- Out of the Grey harvest small-batch organic Excelso beans, which are slightly smaller than Supremo coffee beans, but much more popular.
- Koffee Kults’ Colombian Huila beans are rich, smooth, organically sourced, and make a full-bodied coffee that is famous all over the world.
- Colombia Jo’s beans are sourced directly from the top 2% of all Certified Organic Arabic raw coffee worldwide.
Instant Colombian Coffee Brands
However, if none of these Colombian coffee brands appeal to you, I might suggest you try one of the many instant Colombian coffees. Here are the most common brands:
- Waka: Arabica beans with chocolate and earthy flavors.
- Starbucks: Arabica beans with signature walnut flavor.
- Alpine Start: Arabica beans.
- Jiva’s: mooth and citrus flavor.
Obviously, you won’t get the same results as with Colombian ground coffee, but they are definitely worth a try!
How to Make Colombian Coffee: Recommended Methods
You can make Colombian coffee in many different ways, with several great methods. However, the most two recommended methods are
- Espresso, for which you will require a medium-dark roast
- Aeropress, very often recommended for Colombian coffee beans
However, feel free to try any method and find the one you prefer!
Coffee is the foundation of Colombia’s economy, and it has been an integral part of this country for several centuries, so much as to become part of its culture, folklore, and history. It seems that coffee was first cultivated in Colombia in the 1500s and that since then it gradually spread throughout the country.
The country aims to produce new varieties of coffee, more resistant and able to survive despite changing climatic conditions and also to resist pests. However, the instinct of Colombians is to prefer coffee specialties, which give consumers heavenly flavors and aromas. Now that you know which are the best Colombian coffees of 2020.